California Wonder 300 Bell Pepper
Seed Count: Approx. 25 seeds
Days to Maturity: 75 days from transplant
Description: The California Wonder 300 TMR is a very popular sweet bell pepper that is perfect for the home garden! These peppers are a glossy deep green that turn red when they mature, these peppers reach about 4 1/2 inches long and about 3-4 inches in diameter. This variety grows on upright ever bearing plants that reach around 2 feet tall. California Wonders have a crisp, mild, sweet flavor. California Wonders were introduced in 1928, and became the standard for sweet peppers. This pepper is often used by many horticultural experts and gardeners to breed new and superior types of garden peppers, because of its excellent size and productivity. California Wonder peppers can be found in nearly every grocery store and restaurant in America because of its extensive use in the commercial food market. These are my favorite bell peppers to use for fajitas.
How To Grow
Sowing: Start pepper seeds indoors in peat pots, about 8 weeks before your last expected spring frost. Sow them 1/4 of an inch deep, and keep the soil at 80-85 degrees F until they germinate. If the soil is too cold it may not germinate. I also find that the hotter the pepper is, the longer those seeds take to germinate. Provide seedlings with adequate sunlight or a grow light for 12-16 hours a day. When the outdoor temperature reaches 60-65 degrees F during the day and no less than 50 degrees F at night, you can transplant your seedlings. Space them about a foot to a foot and a half apart. Exposing the plants to the weather for several hours a day before transplanting may help prevent transplant shock. Peppers grow well in containers or raised beds. These plants are determinate, and I grow mine in 5-10 gallon grow bags. I prefer 10 gallon bags, because I don't have to water them as often, but 5 gallon sized bag works just as well.
Growing: Keep the soil evenly moist and weeds under control. Mulching your plants may help with this. If excess heat and sun cause the plants to wilt, provide shade them with shade and ample water, but be careful not to over water them. Usually my peppers survive my hot summers, so I wouldn't worry much about it, but I have noticed that bell peppers don't tolerate my heat as well, so I shade them during the heat of the afternoon sun. Peppers are prone to blossom end rot, so I always make sure to start them with high amounts of nutrients, so I always mix in powdered egg shells, bone meal, and Epsom salt into the soil. I also feed them with fish emulsion and Fox Farm's Tiger Bloom, once a month, to ensure that I get lots of peppers with none of the rot. My peppers always get plagued with white flies, aphids, and scale, so an organic horticultural spray could be beneficial. Companion plant with basil, coriander, onions, spinach, and tomatoes but do not inter-plant with beans.
Harvesting: When to harvest bell peppers is basically a matter of personal preference. You can pick them while they are green and immature or when red and mature. Mature peppers will signal the plant to stop producing, so I pick them often. However, my peppers have always been productive, regardless of if I let them mature on the plant or not. Always use a knife or scissors to remove peppers from the plant to prevent damage to their fragile stems. Peppers are extremely versatile and can be used fresh, dried, or for seasoning. You can even make delicious pickled peppers or my favorite fajitas with these peppers. They can be frozen for future use too. If you plan to save seeds, keep in mind that peppers will cross pollinate with other varieties of pepper, including hot peppers, so isolation may be necessary to preserve its genetic purity. Allow peppers to fully mature, then cut them open, and remove the seeds. I give the seeds a little rinse, then I spread out the seeds to dry for about two weeks. Store the seeds in a cool, dry place for up to two years.