Seed Count: Approx. 400 seeds
Days to Maturity: Perennial
Description: Golden Yarrow is a cute wild flower that boasts fernlike foliage with long lasting, tall stalks of bright yellow blooms that are a bit taller than their other counterparts, however, they aren't as invasive. They can often be seen randomly thriving in dry soils along roadsides and in fields. These cheerful, fragrant blooms, have been included in cottage gardens for ages. They're beautiful planted en masse, or used as a border plant. Before you know it, you will have an abundance of dainty clusters of yellow blooms. Yarrow flowers are perfect for bouquets, and can be dried to make tea, since they're quite handy for alleviating menstrual cramps. Plants can grow between 1-4 ft. tall, are very heat, deer resistant, and drought tolerant. Plus, pollinators love it, so make sure to plant some and give back to mother nature for all she gives to you. Thrives in bright sunny areas.
How to Grow
Sowing: Direct sow seeds by broadcasting (scattering) into moistened soil in early fall or spring. Make sure to not cover the seeds. If planted in the fall, seeds will stay dormant until the spring. You can also start seeds in starter pots, planting just below the surface because they need light to germinate. They like soil temperatures around 65-75 degrees to germinate, so keep them out of really harsh sunlight.
Growing: Water yarrow sparingly, but deeply, as they grow to develop deep root systems. Be careful not to over water though, or the roots and stems may rot. They grow best in sandy, well drained soils, and mature plants tolerate drought pretty well. Avoid super rich soils when planting yarrow. Staking may be required to keep the stems from flopping over, and to protect them from wind, if you wish to keep them for cut flowers, however, it is not required. Make sure to dead head spent blooms, to keep the plant producing flowers all season long. Once yarrow is finished flowering, cut the stems down to the ground, so they can get ready to come back the next season. Once the plants are 3-4 years old, dig them up and divide them. However, be careful and control its spread, because yarrow can be invasive, and reseeds easily, and spreads through rhizomes. Great to companion plant with herbs.
Harvesting: For fresh flowers, cut the stems at a 45 degree angle. Strip off any leaves that will fall below the water level, and place stems in water immediately. For the longest vase life, recut the stems and replace the water every three days. Yarrow flowers can also be dried for decoration or later use, since they hold their color well. If flowers have been open for more than a day before cutting, they will go to seed as they dry. To save the seeds for future growing, remove the drying heads, and spread out and finish drying them out of direct light, until the heads turn brown. Remove the seeds by gently rubbing the dried heads, and store the seeds in an airtight container in a cool dark place. A large portion of yarrow seeds tend to not be viable, since it is hard to get seed set, so keep that in mind when seed saving.